Kazan is the capital city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, and one of Russia's largest cities. It is a major industrial, commercial and cultural center, and remains the most important center of Tatar culture. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka Rivers in central European Russia.
Kazan with its impressive Kremlin, mosques, churches and interesting museums, is a unique attraction of tourist routes along the Volga river and is included in the list of world heritage cities, marked by diplomas and a medal of UNESCO. It is a city of theatres, museums, music city, the richest libraries, latest technology, business partnerships and rich scientific potential.
The city has a beautiful citadel (Russian: kreml, or, sometimes, Tatar: kirman), which was declared the World Heritage Site in 2000. Major monuments in the kremlin are the 5-domed 6-columned Annunciation Cathedral (1561-62) and the mysterious leaning Souyumbika Tower, named after the last queen of Kazan and regarded as the city's most conspicuous landmark.
Central Kazan is divided into two districts by the Bolaq canal and Lake Qaban. The first district (Qazan Bistäse or Kazanskiy Posad), historically Russian, is situated on the hill, the second (İske Tatar Bistäse or Staro-Tatarskaya Sloboda), historically Tatar, is situated between the Bolaq and the Volga. Mosques, such as Nurullah, Soltan, Apanay, Äcem, Märcani, İske Taş, Zäñgär are in the Tatar district. Churches, such as Blagoveschenskaya, Varvarinskaya, Nikol'skaya, Tikhvinskaya, are mostly in the Russian part of the city. The main city-centre streets are Bauman, Kreml, Dzerjinski, Tuqay, Puşkin, Butlerov, Gorkiy, Karl Marx and Märcani.
Once arrived in Kazan, you'll be back here again and again. So beautiful and interesting, this modern metropolis, with 1,000 years of history, living in symbiosis of different cultures and reverently preserving the monuments of its past. Kazan are important milestones in the annals of the Russian state, as well as material and spiritual culture of Russia.