Georgia (Georgian: საქართველო [sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔ], Sakartvelo) is a country situated in southwest Asia and the middle East, in the Western part of the Caucasus on the Eastern coast of the Black sea.
Georgia borders Armenia and Turkey to the South, Azerbaijan in the South-East and Russia to the East and the North.
The main population of Georgia are Kartvelians, the people of the European race. The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi.
The official language is Georgian.
Religion - Orthodoxy.
From the VI century BC Georgia was a colony of the Ionian Greeks, the Western region was called Colchis, Eastern Iberia. In the IV century BC Georgia United into one Kingdom, and in the fourth century A. D. in the country of Christianity. In the VII century Georgia was conquered by the Arabs, in the XI – the Seljuk Turks. From the tenth century in Georgia there has been a clear trend of centralization of feudal principalities. This phase was completed at the beginning of the XII century the creation of the United Georgian Kingdom under David the Builder, who had expelled the Turks and regained independence, subjugating large adjacent territory, including part of Armenia. The birth of an independent Georgian state was accompanied by a national spirit, which is reflected in the development of architecture. During this period in Georgia built the largest churches – the Church of Bagrat in Kutaisi (1003), the Cathedral of Saint-tskhoveli in Mtskheta (1010-1029 years), Alaverdi Cathedral (first quarter of the XI century), the Church in Samtavisi (1030). David the Builder founded near Kutaisi is one of the most significant Georgian monasteries Gelati (1106-1125, with a Grand main temple, the building of the Academy and other buildings.