Azerbaijan (the Azerbaijan SSR. Azərbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (the Azerbaijan SSR. Azərbaycan Respublikası) is a state located in the Eastern part of the Caucasus. The Capital Is Baku. The state language is Azerbaijani. Is a secular state.
The majority of the population professes Islam, a minority in Christianity and Judaism.
A unitary state, presidential Republic.Washed by the Caspian sea. Has a land border with Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran. Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, an exclave of Azerbaijan is bordered by Armenia to the northeast, Iran to the South-West, Turkey to the North West.
Climatic zones of Azerbaijan diverse — from a warm and humid subtropical in the Lenkoran lowland and Talysh to the snowy mountains of the Caucasus. Numerous rivers have significant energy resources, which creates favorable conditions for the construction of hydropower plants with reservoirs and irrigation systems. The main river Kura. Irrigation canals: Verkhnekarabakhskiy, Verkhneshirvanskiy and other important Mingechevir reservoir.
Soils are mainly gray desert, in the mountains of brown and brown mountain-forest and mountain-meadow; on the Lenkoran lowlands — yellow podzolic. The vegetation of the dry steppes, semi-deserts, Alpine meadows; deciduous forests in the mountains.
Among the natural resources special place belongs to the excellent climatic and balneological resorts of Azerbaijan.
The state symbols of the Azerbaijan Republic are the State flag of the Azerbaijan Republic, State emblem of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the national anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan.